In the past I have made several papier mache models of various mosques with my children and a few years ago, as part of our studies on Hajj, we made a papier mache model of the Kab’ah. I have since learned that this is neither permissible nor appropriate as a means of educating children about the rites of Hajj and similar to that.
Below is the ruling on this matter:
Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about a school that teaches the students about Hajj and Umrah but the students do not understand properly; it is permissible to make a model of the Ka’bah and holy places in the school so that they can learn in practical terms and not just theoretically.He replied:This is not permissible and it is not appropriate at all. The teacher can draw a picture of the Ka’bah on the blackboard and say, We circumambulate it like this… But as for making a model, this to my mind is turning acts of worship into mere movements with no impact on the heart.End quote from Majmoo‘ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen, 24/91It says in a fatwa of the Standing Committee: It is not permissible to make models of the Ka’bah and the (green) dome that is over the grave of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).End quote from Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah, 2 (1/324)